Small Sided Games 3vs3 Goalkeeper-Encouragement: Improve the Physical and Technical Performance of Youth Soccer Players


  • Hasanuddin Jumareng Universitas Halu Oleo
  • Edi Setiawan Universitas Suryakancana
  • Amayra Tannoubi University of Jendouba
  • Rola Angga Lardika Universitas Riau
  • Ahmad Adil Universitas Negeri Makasar
  • Novri Gazali Universitas Islam Riau
  • Ruslan Abdul Gani Universitas Singaperbangsa Karawang
  • Farruh Ahmedov Samarkand State University
  • Ahmet Kurtoğlu Bandirma Onyedi Eylül Üniversitesi
  • Dan Iulian Alexe University of Bacău



SSG 3vs3 GK-E, Performance, Team sports


This study aims to investigate the effect of small sided games (SSG) 3vs3 Goalkeeper (GK)-encouragement (E) on increasing the level of physical and technical performance of youth soccer players. A true experiment with a randomized control trial (RCT) for 8 weeks was adopted. 24 youth soccer players from the positions of striker, midfielder and defender participated in this study. They were divided in two groups, SSG (n = 12, 17.33 ± 1.07 years) and SSG 3vs3 GK-E (n = 12, 18.00 ± 1.04 years). Instruments to measure physical performance included 20m sprint test, Illinois agility test and Multistage 20m fitness test, while technical performance was assessed through dribbling, passing and shooting tests. The results of the student's paired t-test showed that there were changes in physical and technical performance in SSG and SSG 3vs3 GK-E (all, p < .001) from the pre-test to the post-test. The 2-Way ANOVA with 2 × 2 repeated measures results showed that physical and technical performance had a main effect of "time" (p < 0.05), effect "training session" (p < 0.05), and an effect "interaction" (p < 0.05). This study confirms that SSG 3vs3 GK-E can be an alternative training in the future to increase the level of physical and technical performance in of youth soccer players.


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