Comparison of Anaerobic Performance with Laboratory and Field Tests in Trained Children

Authors

  • Berkay Löklüoğlu berkaylokluoglu

Keywords:

Anaerobic power, anaerobic capacity, WAnT, RAST

Abstract

Anaerobic performance is considered an indicator of performance for short-term muscle activities of high intensity. It is important to determine whether different anaerobic field tests performed to measure anaerobic performance can be used as an alternative to WAnT performed in the laboratory. The study aimed to compare the anaerobic performance with laboratory and field tests in trained children. One-hundred four athletes between the ages of 10 and 16, minimum age of training of one year in different sports voluntarily participated in the study. Wingate Anaerobic Test (WAnT) was performed as the reference test. Besides, Running-based Anaerobic Sprint Test (RAST) and Pediatric RAST (PRAST) were performed to determine anaerobic performance. Peak power (PP), average power (AP), minimum power (MP), fatigue index (FI) and total exercise time (TED) were determined for each test. All variables of WAnT, RAST, and PRAST were significantly different (p<0.01). According to test-retest results of all tests, ICC [95% CI] values have a high-reliability coefficient for all variables. It was found there is a high correlation significantly between WAnT and RAST for all variables (p<0.01). Besides, there were also high correlations significantly between WAnT-PRAST and RAST-PRAST excluding fatigue index (p<0.01). As a result of this study, it was determined all tests have high reliability. Considering that WAnT requires complex, expensive device and tools, trained staff and is performed in the form of cycling in the laboratory, RAST and PRAST performed with body weight in field conditions can be used to determine anaerobic performance in trained children. High correlations between tests support this determination.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abbasian, S., Gholamian, S., Attarzadeh, S. R., Khabazan, M. A., & Khodadadi, H. (2011). The validity of between Wingate test and Running-based Anaerobic Sprint Test (RAST) in young elite basketball players. Int J Health Phys Educ Com Sci Sports, 4(1), 68-70.

Andrade, V. L., Santiago, P. R., Kalva Filho, C. A., Campos, E. Z., & Papoti, M. (2014). Reproducibility of Running Anaerobic Sprint Test (RAST) For Soccer Players. J Sports Med Phys Fitness, 56(1), 34-8.

Aslan, A., Güvenç, A., Hazır, T., Aşçı, A., & Açıkada, C. (2011). Çeşitli dayanıklılık protokollerine verilen metabolik cevapların karşılaştırılması. Hacettepe Üniversitesi Spor Bilimleri Dergisi, 22(3), 124-38.

Balčiūnas, M., Stonkus, S., Abrantes, C., & Sampaio, J. (2006). Long term effects of different training modalities on power, speed, skill and anaerobic capacity in young male basketball players. J Sport Sci Med(5), 163-70.

Bar-Or, O. (1987). The wingate anaerobic test: an update on methodology reliability and validity. Sports Med, 4, 381-94.

Beneke, R., Pollmann, C. H., Bleif, I., Leithauser, R., & Hütler, M. (2002). How anearobic is the Wingate Anaerobic Test for humans? Eur J Appl Physiol, 87, 399-92.

Bongers, B. C., Werkman, M. S., Blokland, D., Eijsermans, M. J., Van der Torre, P., & Bartels, B. (2014). Validity of the Pediatric Running-Based Anaerobic Sprint Test to Determine Anaerobic Performance in Healthy Children. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 27(2), 268-76.

Burgess, K., Holt, T., Munro, S., & Swinton, P. (2016). Reliability and validity of the running anaerobic sprint test (RAST) in soccer players. J Trainol, 5, 24-9.

Carvalho, H. M., E-Silva, M. J., Figueiredo, A. J., Gonçalves, C. E., Castagna, C., & Philippaerts, R. M. (2011). Cross-validation and reliability of the Line-Drill Test of anaerobic performance in basketball players 14-16 years. J Str Cond Res, 25(4), 1113-9.

Cooper, S. M., Baker, J., Eaton, Z., & Matthews, N. (2004). A simple multistage field test for the prediction of anaerobic capacity in female games players. Brit J Sport Med, 38(6), 784-9.

Douma-van Riet, D., Verschuren, O., Jelsma, D., Kruitwagen, C., Smits-Engelsman, B., & Takken, T. (2012). Reference values for the muscle power sprint test in 6-to 12-year-old children. Pediatr Phys Ther, 24(4), 327-32.

Güvenç, A. (2003). Çocuk ve Ergen Sporcularda Anaerobik Güç ve Kapasite Değerleri (Wingate Anaerobik Güç Testi). Atletizm Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi, 49, 32-40.

Güvenç, A., Açıkada, C., Aslan, A., & Kamil, Ö. (2011). Daily physical activity and physical fitness in 11-to 15-year-old trained and untrained Turkish boys. J Sport Sci Med, 10(3), 502-14.

Güvenç, A., Aslan, A., & Açıkada, C. (2013). Objectively measured activity in 8-10-year-old Turkish children: Relationship to health-related fitness. Pediatr Int, 55, 629-36.

Inbar, O., Bar-Or, O., & Skinner, J. S. (1996). The Wingate anaerobic test. Human Kinetics.

Jaafar, H., Rouis, M., Coudrat, L., Attiogbe, E., Vandewalle, H., & Driss, T. (2014). Effects of load on wingate test performances and reliability. J Strength Cond Res, 28(12), 3462-8.

Kalva-Filho, C. A., Loures, J. P., Franco, V. H., Kaminagakura, E. I., Zagatto, A. M., & Papoti, M. (2013). Comparison of the anaerobic power measured by the RAST test at different footwear and surfaces conditions. Rev Bras Med Esporte, 19(2), 139-42.

Keir, D. A., Thériault, F., & Serresse, Ö. (2013). Evaluation of the running-based anaerobic sprint test as a measure of repeated sprint ability in collegiate-level soccer players. J Str Cond Res, 27(6), 1671-8.

Mitchell, H., Whaley, P., & Medicine, A. o. (2006). Acsm’s guidelines for exercise testing and prescription. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Paradisis, G. P., Tziortzis, S., Zacharogiannis, E., Smirniotou, A., & Karatzanos, L. (2005). Correlation of the running-based anaerobic sprint test (RAST) and performance on the 100m, 200m and 400m distance tests. J Hum Movement Stud, 49, 77-92.

Queiroga, M. R., Cavazzotto, T. G., Katayama, K. Y., Portela, B. S., Tartaruga, M. P., & Ferreira, S. A. (2013). Validity of the RAST for evaluating anerobic power performance as compared to Wingate test in cycling athletes. Mot Rev Educ Física, 19(4), 696-702.

Reaburn, P., & Dascombe, B. (2009). Anaerobic performance in masters athletes. Eur Rev Aging Phys Act(6), 39-53.

Reza, A. B., & Rastegar, M. (2012). Correlation between Running-based Anaerobic Sprint Test (RAST) field tests, Sargent jump and 300 yard shuttle run tests with laboratory anaerobic Wingate test in evaluation of indoor soccer player's anaerobic readiness. Ann Biol Res, 3(1), 377-84.

Sands, W. A., McNeal, J. R., Ochi, M. T., Urbanek, T. L., Jemni, M., & Stone, M. H. (2004). Comparison of the Wingate and Bosco anaerobic tests. J Str Cond Res, 18(4), 810-5.

Stickley, C. D., Hetzler, R. K., & Kimura, I. F. (2008). Prediction Of Anaerobic Power Values From an Abbreviated Want Protocol. J Strength Cond Res, 22(3), 958-65.

Verschuren, O., Bongers, B. C., Obeid, J., Ruyten, T., & Takken, T. (2013). Validity of the muscle power sprint test in ambulatory youth with cerebral palsy. Ped Phys Ther, 25(1), 25-8.

Verschuren, O., Takken, T., Katelaar, M., Gorter, J. W., & Helders P, J. M. (2007). Reliability for Running Tests for Measuring Agility and Anaerobic Muscle Power in Children and Adolescents with Cerebral Palsy. Pediatr Phys Ther, 19, 108-15.

Zacharogiannis, E., Paradisis, G., & Tziortzis, S. (2004). An evaluation of tests of anaerobic power and capacity. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 36(5), 116.

Zagatto, A. M., Beck, W. R., & Gobatto, C. A. (2009). Validity of the running anaerobic sprint test for assessing anaerobic power and predicting short-distance performances. J Str Cond Res, 23(6), 1820-7.

Zupan, M. F., Arata, A. W., Dawson, L. H., Wile, A. L., Payn, T. L., & Hannon, M. E. (2009). Wingate Anaerobic Test peak power and anaerobic capacity classifications for men and women intercollegiate athletes. J Strength Cond Res, 23(9), 2598-604.

Published

2022-11-23

Issue

Section

Original Research