Does Static Stretching Compromise Jump Performance in Diurnal Variation?
The Effect of Static Stretching in Diurnal Variation
Keywords:Circadian Variation, Warm-up, Muscle Power, Jump Height
The purpose of the study was to investigate the effect of static stretching on squat jump (SJ) and countermovement jump (CMJ) in diurnal variation. Fifty-three male collegiate athletes (age=21.9±2.6 years; height=179.7±8.1cm; body-mass=75.3±8.6kg; mean±SD) completed the SJ and CMJ tests either after static stretching or no stretching protocols at two times of the day (07:00h and 17:00h) in random order on non-consecutive days. After warming-up for 5 minutes with low-intensity jogging, participants walked for 2 minutes before performing one of the two stretching protocols (static stretching or no stretching) then 4-5 minutes of additional rest was given before SJ and CMJ performances were measured. Jump heights were analyzed using the two-way ANOVA with repeated measures (2[stretching]×2[time-of-day]). No stretching protocol caused better jump heights in both SJ and CMJ (p< .01). SJ heights were higher at 17:00 compared to 07:00 in both static stretching (8.8%) and no stretching (9.1%) protocols (p< .01). Similarly, CMJ heights were higher at 17:00 compared to 07:00 in both static stretching (10.6%) and no stretching (5.8%) protocols (p< .01). Static stretching adversely influenced jump heights both in the morning and evening. However, it caused less negative effect in the evening.
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