The effect of a video-based vs. real-life setting on the visual and motor behaviour in the return to service in tennis and wheelchair tennis


  • R. Reina
  • F. J. Moreno
  • D. Sanz
  • J. S. Damas
  • V. Luis


The study of the visual and motor behaviour in a simulated situation of return to service in tennis and wheelchair tennis was carried out, where participants responded to the serves in both real-life (3D) and video-based settings (2D). Automated systems to acquire data were employed, trying to simulate the attentional demands of the game in the video-based situation. Three groups were analysed in the study: a novice wheelchair tennis players, experienced wheelers, and a group of non-disabled tennis players. They observed two series (2D and 3D) of 24 top-spin services, performed by two wheelchair tennis players and other two players in a biped position. Participants showed a higher number of visual fixations in the video-based situation, as well as a higher number and time of visual fixation on locations of the upper body. On the other hand, in the real-life setting, they showed a higher number and time of visual fixation on the ball. According to the results, it seems that a lesser familiarization with the video-based situation could modify the visual search strategy, especially in the pursuit of the trajectory of the ball.
KEY WORDS: Dimensionality, Visual behaviour, Reaction response, Wheelchair tennis, Tennis, Return to service


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Author Biographies

R. Reina

Universidad Miguel Hernández, Alicante

F. J. Moreno

Universidad de Extremadura, Cáceres

D. Sanz

Real Federación Española de Tenis, Madrid

J. S. Damas

Universidad de Extremadura, Cáceres

V. Luis

Comarca de la Comunidad de Calatayud





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