Automatic system for penalty-kickers in soccer

J.M. Castillo, A. Oña, A. Raya, M.A. Martínez

Abstract


Despite recognising like the performance’s base of the majority of sports abilities, few trainers recognise that visual function is a learned ability that can be improved. The main aim of this study tries to measure efficacy in goals and individual tactic of high-skill penalty-kickers in soccer using a new automatic system of emission visual stimulus applied in the habitual situation field. Penalty-kickers (n = 9) made a pre-treatment test of 24 trails in real situation opposite the goalkeepers (n = 3). Later, they completed a training of 10 sessions using the automatic system without goalkeepers. Finally, they again repeated the same initial test, then they got more goals in post-treatment test. Furthermore, tactic differences were found based on throwing direction due to the goalkeeper action. Scores suggested that the penalty-kick in soccer may be planned like an open motor ability, depending on the goalkeeper’s action, reducing the information processing time and decision-making.
KEY WORDS: Visual training, penalty-kicker, soccer, high-skill, decision-making, motor control.


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European Journal of Human Movement EISSN: 2386-4095

Motricidad. European Journal of Human Movement (previous title) EISSN: 2172-2862

Short Title: Eur. J. Hum. Mov.

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