Effect of a dynamic loaded warm-up on vertical jump performance
AbstractIntroduction: The purpose of this study was to determine if an aerobic warm carried out on a cycle ergometer had influence on vertical jump performance. Material and Methods: Participants: 25 football players males (2nd B, IV. Spanish Football League; age 22.7±3.3 years; height 178.8±3.9 cm, mass 75.3±6.8 kg) The warming-up consisted of pedalling for 5 minutes at 114.8±8.3 hr with a power intensity of 112.2±13.2 w, followed by 5 minutes at 147.2±6.7 hr (X=197.5±38.4 w).Pre and post-test was carried out in successive days: 1 st5 day: 5 without countermovement vertical jumps (VJ1); 2 nd day:10 seconds repeated VJ 2 and third day: 60 seconds VJ 3. Heart rate was measured while performing and at recovery. Results: In VJ1, the height went from 41.9±5.4 cm in the pre-test to 43.9±5.8 in the post-test; (F=806.0; p=0.001), the flight increased in time (492.21±45.7 ms vs 508.3547.5 ms p≤ 0.001), the contact with the ground decreased (217.4 ±46.5 ms vs 211.2±23.6 ms p≤0.001) and the maximum heart rate raised 111.2±22.1 hr vs 130.0±13.8 hr. In VJ2 the height implies the jump went from 24.9±5.3cm to 25.0±4.9cm (F=329.3; p <0.001). In VJ3 the height shows the jump time went from 21.1±4.5cm to 21.3±4.2 (F=328.2; p <0.001). The number of jumps in VJ2 went from 15.7±1.7 to 15.6±0.9 (p <0.01) and in VJ3 from 97.5±6.6 to 96.6±7.2 (p <0.01). Conclusion: Two phases of 5 minute warm-ups on a cycle ergometer improves both the vertical jump performance and the heart rate throughout the process.
Aguilar, A.J., DiStefano, L.J., Brown, C.N., Herman, D.C., Guskiewicz, K.M. & Padua, D.A. (2012). A dynamic warm-up model increases quadriceps strenght and hamstring flexibility. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 26(4), 1130-1141.
Alikhajeh, Y., Ramezanpour, M.R. & Moghaddam, A. (2011). The Effect of Different Warm-up Protocols on young Soccer Players' sprint. In D.E. Ongen, C. Hursen, M. Halat, H. Boz, (Eds), Proceedings of the 2nd World Conference on Psychology, Counselling and Guidance-2011 (pp. 1588-1597). Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Bv.
Ayala, F.S. & Saínz de Baranda Andújar, P. (2010). Efecto agudo del estiramiento sobre el sprint en jugadores de fútbol de división de honor juvenil (Acute effect of stretching on sprint in honour division soccer players. Acute effect of stretching on sprint in honour division soccer players). Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte. 6(18), 1-12.
Bishop, David. (2003a). Warm up I - Potential mechanisms and the effects of passive warm up on exercise performance. Sports Medicine. 33, 439-454. doi:10.2165/00007256-200333060-00005.
Bishop, David. (2003b). Warm up II - Performance changes to structure the warm following active warm up and how up. Sports Medicine. 33, 483-498. doi:10.2165/00007256-200333070-00002.
Burkett, L.N, Phillips, W.T, & Ziuraitis, J. (2005). The best warm-up for the vertical jump in college-age athletic men. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 19(3), 673-676.
Chattong, C, Brown, L.E, Coburn, J.W & Noffal, G.J. (2010). Effect of a dynamic loaded warm-up on vertical jump performance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 24(7), 1751-1754.
Jamtvedt, G., Herbert, R.D., Flottorp, S., Odgaard-Jensen, J., Havelsrud, K., Barratt, A., et al. (2010) A pragmatic randomised trial of stretching before and after physical activity to prevent injury and soreness. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 44, 1002-1009. doi:10.1136/bjsm.2009.062232. Faigenbaum, A.D., Bellucci, M., Bernieri, A., Bakker, B. & Hoorens, K. (2005). Acute effects of different warm-up protocols on fitness performance in children. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 19(2), 376-381.
Faulkinbury, K.J., Stieg, J.L, Tran, T.T., Brown, L.E., Coburn, J.W. & Judelson, D.A. (2011). Effects of depth jump vs. box jump warm-ups on vertical jump in collegiate vs. club female volleyball players. Medicina Sportiva. 15(3), 103-106.
Fradkin, A.J., Zazryn, T.R.. & Smoliga, J.M. (2010). Effects of warming-up on physical performance: a systematic review with meta-analysis. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 24(1), 140-148. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181c643a0
Frantz, T.L, Ruiz, M.D. (2011). Effects of dynamic warm-up on lower body explosiveness among collegiate baseball players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 25(11), 2985-2990.
Gelen, Erturul. (2011). Acute effects of different warm-up methods on jump performance in children. Biology of Sport, 28(2), 133-138. Doi: 10.5604/947456
Perrier, E.T, Pavol, M.J, & Hoffman, M.A (2011). The acute effects of a warm-up including static or dynamic stretching on countermovement jump height, reaction time, and flexibility. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 25, 1925-1931.
Scott, S.L Docherty, D (2004). Acute effects of heavy preloading on vertical and horizontal jump performance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 18(2), 201-205.
Sotiropoulos, K., Smilios, I., Christou, M., Barzouka, K., Spaias, A., Douda, H., et al. (2010). Effects of warm-up on vertical jump performance and muscle electrical activity using half-squats at low and moderate intensity. Journal of Sport, Science and Medicine. 9, 326-331.
Vetter, Rheba.E. (2007). Effects of six warm-up protocols on sprint and jump performance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 21, 819-823.
Whitmer, T.D., Fry, A.C., Forsythe, C. M., Andre, M. J., Lane, M. T., Hudy, A., & Honnold, D. E. (2015). Accuracy of a Vertical Jump Contact Mat for Determining Jump Height and Flight Time. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 29(4), 877–881. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000000542.
Woods, K., Bishop, P. & Jones E. (2007). Warm-up and stretching in the prevention of muscular injury. Sports Medicine, 37(12), 1089-1099. Doi: 0112-1642/07/0012-1089.