Analysis of the sport commitment from the perspective of the Self-determination Theory in young football players

Authors

  • F. M. Leo
  • F. R. Gómez
  • P. A. Sánchez Miguel
  • D. Sánchez
  • T. García Calvo

Abstract

The main aim of this study is to examine the relationships between the three psychological needs and self-determination level regarding sport commitment in young football players. The sample comprised 809 male and female footballers, ranging in age from 11 to 16 years old (M = 13.25; SD = 1.78), that is to say, they belonged to beginners, infantile and cadet categories. The instruments measured psychological needs, self-determined motivation in the sporting practice and sport commitment. The techniques used were descriptive analysis, reliability analysis, bivariate correlations and lineal regression analysis. Results showed a positive association among basics psychological needs and self-determination level with respect to sport commitment. Thus, we suggest that a high self-determination level is related with a greater sport commitment. On the contrary, low self-determinations levels were associated with smaller sport commitment. Finally, we highlight that we should promote sport motives based on enjoyment and satisfaction in young participants to get a longer and higher sport commitment practice.
Key Words: motivation, self-determination, commitment, enjoyment, football

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Author Biographies

F. M. Leo

Facultad de Ciencias del Deporte. Universidad de Extremadura

F. R. Gómez

Facultad de Ciencias del Deporte. Universidad de Extremadura

P. A. Sánchez Miguel

Facultad de Ciencias del Deporte. Universidad de Extremadura

D. Sánchez

Facultad de Ciencias del Deporte. Universidad de Extremadura

T. García Calvo

Facultad de Ciencias del Deporte. Universidad de Extremadura

Published

2010-09-27

Issue

Section

European Journal of Human Movement