Training Methods and Goal Orientation of Coachs': Motivational Implications
In this study 34 handball coaches were administered a questionnaire to measure their criteria of sport success (POSQ) and another to measure the importance each placed on different variables of training methodology. The purpose was to analyse the predictor role of coaches' motivational orientation on given importance to determinants of training. Regression analysis results showed that task orientation corresponded with the following factors, listed in order of importance: training with specificity; grouping athletes by ability; controlling and annotating athletes progress; allowing athletes freedom to perform and choose; and considering competition as a mean but not as an objective. The self confidence of individual players positively influenced the degree of importance that players gave to a variety of exercises and communication with parents as a tool to resolve problems. Likewise, individual egos negatively influenced the liberty to allow athletes to choose and perform specific plays. Motivational implications are analysed in the light of achievement motivation (Nicholls, 1984a,b) and self-determination theories (Deci y Ryan, 1985, 1991).
KEY WORDS: Achievement motivation, self-determination, training methodology.