Benefits of exercise in solid organ transplant recipients

Sonsoles Hernández-Sánchez

Abstract


Solid organ transplantation is the best treatment option for patients with end-stage disease, but this situation does not come without complications. Weight gain, muscle weakness, reduced exercise tolerance and decreased aerobic capacity are present among recipients of solid organ transplantation. All this is due to prolonged bed rest, inactivity, use of immunosuppressive medication and loss of physical condition and muscle mass. Cardiovascular disease is a major cause of mortality and morbidity in solid organ transplant recipients, with an overall mortality rate of at least 5- to 10-fold greater than the general population. Exercise programs in solid organ transplant recipients report positive effects on the physical condition and quality of life of these patients. Although no significant damage or adverse effects have been reported in the exercise programs included here, it is always necessary to exercise caution and monitoring, and carry them out from a multidisciplinary perspective to avoid possible harm to patients.

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References


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