Relationship between actual motor competence and self-perception in adults

Judith Jimenez-Diaz, María Morera-Castro, Gerardo Araya-Vargas

Abstract


Introduction: Scientific evidence indicates that perceived competence is associated with motor performance in children and adolescents; however, little is known about this phenomenon in the adult population. The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship between self-perception and performance of fundamental motor skills (FMS) in adults. Materials and Methods: A total of 119 adults (M = 19.8 ± 4.5 years) volunteered to participate in the study. The Self-Perception Profile for Adults (Messer & Harter, 2012) and the Test for Fundamental Motor Skills in Adults (Jiménez-Díaz et al., 2013) were used to evaluate self-perception and motor performance, respectively. Multivariate analysis of variance and canonical correlations were used to analyzed the data. Results and Discussion: The results showed that participants with efficient performance in locomotor skills had greater perceived competence in athletic abilities. In addition, men were found to have a more positive self-perception of their physical appearance than women. Also, it was found that perceived competence in athletic abilities is more related to FMS than it is to the dimensions of physical appearance and global self-worth. In conclusion, the level of performance of FMS is associated with perceived competence in athletic abilities in adults.

Full Text:

PAPER

References


American College of Sports Medicine [ACSM]. (2018). ACSM´s Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription [senior editor, Deborah Riebe; associate editors, Jonathan K. Ehrman, Gary Liguori, & Meir Magal] (10 ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer Health.

Barnett, L. M., Ridgers, N. D., & Salmon, J. (2014). Associations between young children’s perceived and actual ball skill competence and physical activity. Journal of Science & Medicine in Sport, 18(2), 167–171. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2014.03.001

Barnett, L. M., Ridgers, N. D., Zask, A., & Salmon, J. (2015). Face validity and reliability of a pictorial instrument for assessing fundamental movement skill perceived competence in young children. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 18(1), 98–102. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2013.12.004

British Heart Foundation [BHF]. (2017). Physical inactivity and sedentary Behaviour Report 2017. Retrieved from: https://www.bhf.org.uk/publications/statistics/physical-inactivity-report-2017

Carraro, A., Scarpa, S., & Ventura, L. (2010). Relationship between physical self-concept and physical fitness in italian adolescentes. Perceptual and motor Skills, 110(2), 522–530.

Cattuzzo, M. T., Dos Santos Henrique, R., Ré, A. H. N., de Oliveira, I. S., Melo, B. M., de Sousa Moura, M., … Stodden, D. (2016). Motor competence and health related physical fitness in youth: A systematic review. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 19(2), 123–129. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2014.12.004

Correa-Burrows, P., Burrows, R., Ibaceta, C., Orellana, Y., & Ivanovic, D. (2017). Physically active Chilean school kids perform better in language and mathematics. Health Promotion International, 32(1), 241-249. https://doi.org/10.1093/heapro/dau010

De Meester, A., Stodden, D., Brian, A., True, L., Cardon, G., Tallir, I., & Haerens, L. (2016). Associations among Elementary School Children’s Actual Motor Competence, Perceived Motor Competence, Physical Activity and BMI: A Cross-Sectional Study. PLOS ONE, 11(10), e0164600. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0164600

Gabbard, C. P. (2012). Lifelong Motor Development (6th ed.). San Francisco: Benjamin-Cummings Publishing Company.

Gallahue, D. L., & Ozmun, J. C. (2005). Understanding Motor Development: Infants, Children, Adolescents, Adults (6a ed.). McGraw-Hill Higher Education.

González, K., Fuentes J., & Márquez, J. L. (2017). Physical inactivity, sedentary behavior and chronic diseases. Korean Journal of Family Medicine, 38(3), 111-115. https://doi.org/ 10.4082/kjfm.2017.38.3.111

Goodway, J. D., Famelia, R., & Bakhtiar, S. (2014). Future Directions in Physical Education & Sport: Developing Fundamental Motor Competence in the Early Years is Paramount to Lifelong Physical Activity. Asian Social Science, 10(5), 44–54. https://doi.org/10.5539/ass.v10n5p44

Goodway, J. D., & Rudisill, M. E. (1997). Perceived physical competence and actual motor skill competence of African American preschool. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 14(4), 314–326. https://doi.org/10.1123/apaq.14.4.314

Guertin, C., Pelletier, L. G., Émond, C., & Lalande, G. (2017). Change in physical and psychological health over time in patients with cardiovascular disease: on the benefits of being self-determined, physically active, and eating well. Motivation and Emotion, 41(3), 294-307. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11031-017-9608-8

Hargreaves, J., Lucock, M., & Rodriguez, A. (2017). From inactivity to becoming physically active: The experiences of behaviour change in people with serious mental illness. Mental Health and Physical Activity, 13, 83.93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mhpa.2017.09.006

Holfelder, B., & Schott, N. (2014). Relationship of fundamental movement skills and physical activity in children and adolescents: A systematic review. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 15(4), 382–391. https://doi.org/ 10.1016/ j.psychsport.2014.03.005

Jiménez-Díaz, J., Salazar, W., & Morera-Castro, M. (2013). Diseño y validación de un instrumento para la evaluación de patrones básicos de movimiento. Motricidad [Design and validation of an instrument for the evaluation of basic movement patterns. Motricity]. European Journal of Human Movement, 31(0), 87–97.

LeGear, M., Greyling, L., Sloan, E., Bell, R. I., Williams, B.-L., Naylor, P.-J., & Temple, V. A. (2012). A window of opportunity? Motor skills and perceptions of competence of children in Kindergarten. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 9(1), 29. https://doi.org/10.1186/1479-5868-9-29

Messer, B., & Harter, S. (2012). The Self-perception profile for adults: Manual and Questionnaires. Denver: Universidad de Denver. Retrieved from https://portfolio.du.edu/downloadItem/225566

Morano, M., Colella, D., Robazza, C., Bortoli, L., & Capranica, L. (2011). Physical self‐perception and motor performance in normal‐weight, overweight and obese children. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 21(3), 465–473. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0838.2009.01068.x

Ordaz, D. L., Schaefer, L M., Choquette, E., Schueler, J., Wallace, L., & Thompson, K. (2018). Thinness pressures in ethnically diverse college women in the United States. Body Image, 24, 1-4. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.11.004

Piek, J. P., Baynam, G. B., & Barrett, N. C. (2006). The relationship between fine and gross motor ability, self-perceptions and self-worth in children and adolescents. Human Movement Science, 25(1), 65–75. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.humov.2005.10.011

Robinson, L. E. (2010). The relationship between perceived physical competence and fundamental motor skills in preschool children. Child: Care, Health and Development, 37(4), 589–596. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2214.2010.01187.x

Robinson, L. E. (2011). Effect of a Mastery Climate Motor Program on Object Control Skills and Perceived Physical Competence in Preschoolers. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 82(2), 355–359. https://doi.org/10.1080/02701367.2011.10599764

Robinson, L. E., Stodden, D. F., Barnett, L. M., Lopes, V. P., Logan, S. W., Rodrigues, L. P., & D’Hondt, E. (2015). Motor Competence and its Effect on Positive Developmental Trajectories of Health. Sports Medicine, 45(9), 1273–1284. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-015-0351-6

Spessato, B., Gabbard, C., Robinson, L., & Valentini, N. (2012). Body mass index, perceived and actual physical competence: The relationship among young children. Child: Care, Health and Development, 39(6), 845–850. https://doi.org/10.1111/cch.12014

Stodden, D. F., Goodway, J. D., Langendorfer, S. J., Roberton, M. A., Rudisill, M. E., Garcia, C., & Garcia, L. E. (2008). A developmental perspective on the role of motor skill competence in physical activity: An emergent relationship. Quest, 60(2), 290–306. https://doi.org/10.1080/00336297.2008.1 0483582

Vedul‐Kjelsås, V., Sigmundsson, H., Stensdotter, A., & Haga, M. (2011). The relationship between motor competence, physical fitness and self‐perception in children. Child: Care, Health and Development, 38(3), 394–402. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2214.2011.01275.x

Wang, J., Liu, W., & Bian, W. (2013). Relationship between perceived and actual motor competence among college students. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 116(1), 272–279. https://doi.org/10.2466/25.06.PMS.116.1.272-279

World Health Organization [WHO]. (2017). Informe sobre el seguimiento de los progresos en relación con las enfermedades no transmisibles, 2017 [Non comunicable Diseases Progress Monitor, 2017]. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2017. License: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 European Journal of Human Movement

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

European Journal of Human Movement EISSN: 2386-4095

Motricidad. European Journal of Human Movement (previous title) EISSN: 2172-2862

Short Title: Eur. J. Hum. Mov.

Six-monthly Journal