Application of tensiomyography to assess the muscle response in the lower limbs of acrobatic gymnasts

Mercedes Vernetta Santana, Nicolas Rojas Barrionuevo, Isabel Montosa Mirón, Jesús López Bedoya

Abstract


Aim: The purpose of this study was to use tensiomyography to assess the muscle response in flexion-extension of the knee joint and extension of the ankle joint in gymnasts. Methods:Eleven high-performance male acrobatic gymnasts (mean ± SD: age 20.8±3.2 years; body mass 67.0±6.8 kg, height 172.7±5.7 cm) participated in this study. The contraction time, activation time and deformation of the muscle belly were evaluated and speed of muscular response was calculated, before and after training at different intervals. An acrobatic training protocol with sets of forward tucked somersaults on a 12 x 12 m gymnastic floor was performed.Results: The results showed different states of muscle enhancement after finalizing the training protocol, with vastusmedialis, rectus femoris and biceps femoris being the most affected. Notably, vastusmedialis and gastrocnemius medialis experienced fatigue at different stages of the assessment with vastusmedialis showing a greater number of statistical significant variances in terms of loss of normalized response speed as recovery time was increased (p≤0.05; ES>0.50). Conclusion: the fatigability profile obtained in those muscle groups may help in identifying optimal recovery periods, as well as planning the training of acrobatic gymnasts according to the enhancement levels.

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References


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